Why are human beings so aggressive?
Aggressiveness is one of the fundamental problems facing society today. Many people wonder whether human beings are more aggressive today than in the past. The answer is not clear, but it is clear that the history of mankind is full of examples of cruelty and aggressiveness in its various manifestations. The present, however, confronts people with cases of violence and aggressiveness constantly, given the possibilities provided by the media. This violence manifests itself against the self and others in an alarming way. On the other hand, these aggressive manifestations acquire their own forms, according to the historical moment we live in.
Freud is one of the first theorists to analyze human aggressiveness, and his approaches allow us to explain, to a large extent, aggressive behavior against others or against oneself by individuals who can be considered normal, but also neurotic, or with other disturbances. Freud defines the individual as Homo lupus, that is, as a wolf to man. Racism, discrimination of all kinds, wars, are examples he uses to justify his position.
On the other hand, he points out that when the antagonistic psychic forces that inhibit aggressiveness disappear, it manifests itself spontaneously, unmasking all the cruelty of individuals against others. However, since such hostility does not suit society, because it causes its disintegration, hinders work, and reduces human productivity. For this reason, culture provides mechanisms to contain the force of instincts, whose power is greater than that of reason.
Some of these mechanisms to contain instinctive aggressiveness are friendship, sexual and legal restrictions, and moral and ideal precepts. However, this only manages to control its most obvious manifestations, but not the more subtle ones, such as the behaviors that are assumed in social circles, where hostility is discharged against those who are not part of it, assuming the difference as a justification for such behaviors. Freud calls these behaviors the narcissism of small differences.
I invite everyone to read Matias’ post with the topic of the day.
Finally, I encourage everyone to reflect on the concept of the day. No one else but us can re-signify our own being
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