Poetry is both sensible and rational knowledge. Already Parmenides endorses this with his poem of nature (cf. Eggers Lan 475-476) where he expounds his ideas in verse. Homer introduces us to the knowledge of the gods, i.e., to Greek mythology, and speaks of both divine and human passions. Poetry gives us consciousness and language, and by the same token, thought.
Approaching poetry from a philosophical and literary point of view requires a short detour through what «expression» means. As expression, poetry is the possibility of encounter between the genre and the idea since it is there where thought is manifested. The expression within the poetic work has the purpose of establishing a dialogue with the literary sphere, in this case, the sapiential, the poetic language. Poetry is, therefore, a particularly revealing field of literary creation, since it fulfills a very concrete function within human existence, and this when man adopts it as one of the ways of «reacting» to the reality that surrounds him.
Poetic language, as a reaction of the spirit, is not necessarily classified as true or false, since it is not a univocal language, although the language of metaphor, of symbol, in general analogical language, is on the side of conjecture with respect to reality (cf. Ricoeur 2008 50); and there we can affirm that there are better conjectures than others, that there are better poems than others inasmuch as some name reality better and allow us to broaden the horizon of understanding of a certain phenomenon, event or binding reality of the human, and others fail to penetrate or explain the deepest of the human condition.
Since the Greeks, the term «poetics» has been used to designate the doctrine relative to all doing -as opposed, for example, to «noetics», which designated the doctrine relative to all thinking, the doctrine of thought or intelligence-. Emilio Lledó Iñigo (2008) considers poetics as that «to create» and then «to represent something or to represent someone (artistically)». More specifically, the term poetics meant «to create something with the word»: what is thus created is «the poem». The act or process of such creation is the «the poem» which sometimes designated the whole of a poetic work, as opposed to the «poem» which designated part of such a work.
I invite everyone to read Matias’ post with the topic of the day