Capricorn – Physical – Sacral: CULTURE

Culture is any expression of human endeavor that differentiates men and women from the biological or inanimate world. Culture is as much classical music and dance as it is folklore or native ritual dances. Culture is as much an expression of the artistic world or of scientific knowledge as it is an expression of popular knowledge. Therefore, not only the expressions of high intellectual and socio-economic level are included, but also all the popular manifestations referring to the usual customs of the population, be it beliefs, language, manners, food, clothes, etc.

Culture has a very close relationship with the social and family environment in which human life develops and, therefore, presents diverse expressions in geographical spaces. Culture is learned by children in their family, neighborhood, and community contexts from birth. It is then modified through the individual history of people, in relation to the country to which they belong or to the life experiences they may have in contact with other people and in other countries, spatially with people of different civilizations.

It is always possible to locate the different cultures on a map and then appreciate their geographical distribution in relation to environmental, spatial, and social factors. Contemporary phenomena related to culture give new meaning to geographical spaces, especially because of the emergence of new centers and practices of cultural production and the global impact of the media. For example, tourism advertising in the media has promoted certain geographical spaces that were previously little known, such as small Caribbean states, Polynesian islands, or Far Eastern states.

Culture is a fundamental component of human society that highlights the intimate relationship between nature and the different human groups that populate the geographic space on a planetary scale. In the new millennium, the processes of globalization characterize the world geographic space, however, on a local scale, culture is a notable factor of regional differentiation. Instant communications, information technology – especially global networks such as the Internet – and population migrations, among other factors, increasingly bring the different cultures of the world’s geographic space into contact with each other.

Today, the term «global society» is applied to various phenomena related to cultural aspects, such as the consumption of certain foods (hamburgers or certain brands of soft drinks), the viewing of shows that are broadcast on a planetary scale (such as World Cups and fashion shows) or, very sadly, the live broadcasting of world wars or natural or technological catastrophes, as if they were movie shows.

How often do we watch a real war on television, such as the Gulf War or the Yugoslavian War, as if it were an imaginary spectacle, or observe the consequences of an earthquake or technological devastation as if the victims were dolls in a video game. The treatment given to all these phenomena is a harmful consequence of the globalization of culture.

Cultural diversity is the multiplicity and interaction of the cultures that coexist in the world and, therefore, are part of the common heritage of humanity. Cultural diversity is manifested by the diversity of language, religious beliefs, land management practices, art, music, social structure, crop selection, diet, and every conceivable number of other attributes of human society.

I invite you to read Matias’ post on the topic of the day.

Finally, I encourage everyone to reflect on the concept of the day. No one else but us can re-signify our own being

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